Vaginal infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites or viruses growing in and around your vulva and vagina. Infections of your vagina and vulva can cause symptoms such as soreness and itchiness around your vulva and vagina, and an unusual vaginal discharge. Most vaginal infections can be treated quickly and easily. Getting medical advice as soon as you notice a problem can help to get rid of your infection quickly and prevent complications. It's normal and healthy for women to have some discharge from their vagina. Sometimes, certain soaps, bath additives and vaginal douches a type of prepared wash for your vagina can cause inflammation of your vagina and changes in your discharge.
In the United States, vaginal infections are one of the most common reasons women see their doctor, accounting for millions of visits each year. Vaginal infections are caused by microorganisms, but women can take precautions, such as wearing loose, absorbent underwear, to reduce their risk of getting infections. Doctors examine a sample of fluids from the vagina or cervix to check for microorganisms that can cause infections. Bacterial vaginosis. Yeast infections candidiasis. Vaginal infections can cause vaginal discharge , discomfort, and vaginal odor. However, these symptoms do not necessarily indicate an infection.
A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva — the tissues at the vaginal opening. Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. Many women experience at least two episodes. A vaginal yeast infection isn't considered a sexually transmitted infection. But, there's an increased risk of vaginal yeast infection at the time of first regular sexual activity.