Finger feeding is a way of giving your baby expressed breast milk without using a bottle teat as some babies may take preference to a teat and refuse the breast. Finger feeding uses a bottle with a thin tube rather than a teat. It is most successful when your baby is wide awake and interested. Using a bottle is another method of giving your baby expressed breast milk. If the bottle is held vertically, the milk pours out. You should aim for the feed to take at least 20 minutes.
Breastmilk provides complete nutrition for an infant to 6 months of age, with the type and level of protein, carbohydrate and fat ideal for the optimal growth and development of the infant throughout that time. The World Health Organisation recommends neonates and infants are exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life, and thereafter receive complementary foods with continued breastfeeding for up to 1 year or beyond. Breast milk is readily available and contains anti-infective and anti-inflammatory properties that assists in preventing infections and necrotising enterocolitis. Long term benefits include improved neurodevelopmental outcomes and reduced risk of obesity.
OBJECTIVE: To compare nasogastric tube and bottle supplementation as two means of transitioning preterm infants to breastfeeding within an established breastfeeding support program. RESULTS: Compared with infants receiving bottle supplements, infants receiving nasogastric tube supplements were more likely to be breastfeeding at discharge and at 3 days, 3 months and 6 months, after adjusting for confounding variables. There were significantly fewer apnea and bradycardia episodes in the group receiving nasogastric supplements, although they had more episodes that required stimulation for resolution.
Specific breastfeeding and swallowing characteristics in neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy HIE have not yet been well described in the literature. Considering the relatively high incidence of HIE in resource-poor settings, speech-language therapists should be cognisant of the feeding difficulties in this population during breastfeeding. To systematically describe the breastfeeding and swallowing of a single case of a neonate diagnosed with mild HIE from admission to discharge. A case study of a 2-day old neonate with mild HIE in a neonatal intensive care unit at an urban teaching hospital, is presented.