In the developing world, childbirth and the first days postpartum are a risky time for mother and baby. Approximately one-fourth to one-half of deaths in the first year of life occur in the first week. Many of the interventions that will improve the health and survival of newborns are relatively low cost and feasible to implement. One of these interventions is immediate and exclusive breastfeeding. This intervention can also help women by minimizing immediate postpartum hemorrhage, one of the most common causes of maternal death.
Breastfeeding , also known as nursing , is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Deaths of an estimated , children under the age of five could be prevented globally every year with increased breastfeeding. Benefits for the mother include less blood loss following delivery, better uterus shrinkage, and decreased postpartum depression. Health organizations, including the World Health Organization WHO , recommend breastfeeding exclusively for six months.
Articles in the December issue discuss various health issues affecting school-aged children, including acne, eczema and growth disorders. Volume 41, No. Current World Health Organization guidelines recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life. Breastfeeding conveys clear benefits to both mother and child.
Current recommendations for infant feeding encourage breast-feeding through the first year. This research was conducted to evaluate associations among breast-feeding, maternal control of child feeding, and the dietary intake of toddlers during the second year of life. In particular, we sought to determine whether breast-feeding through the first year and subsequent toddler intake was mediated via maternal control of child feeding.