The urethra is a part of the renal system. The kidneys , ureters, and bladder are also part of this system. The renal system is responsible for producing, storing, and eliminating liquid waste in the form of urine. The urethra is closely linked with the reproductive organs, so the anatomy of the urethra is different between males and females. The female urethra begins at the bottom of the bladder, known as the neck.
Electronic address: kogyftop yahoo. Recurrent urinary tract infections rUTI in women is a common cause of morbidity worldwide. In young women recurrent cystitis associated with sexual intercourse is quite common; however not all sexually active women will suffer a post-coital UTI episode. A variety of possible predisposing factors has been described, including behavioral risk patterns, genetic factors and increased virulence of certain subtypes of uropathogens. It has long been regarded that anatomical anomalies are rare in this setting of rUTIs.
These patients had variable clinical manifestations and associated anomalies including congenital urethral hypoplasia, renal agenesis and patent urachus. Both were treated successfully according to their status of disease-complexes. This is to discuss these rare cases and its management with review of the literature. Congenital urethral hypoplasia with urethral fistula without imperforate anus: Report of two cases. Afr J Paediatr Surg ;