The Russian Revolution was a period of political and social revolution across the territory of the Russian Empire which started with the abolishment of monarchy and concluded with the establishment of the Soviet Union by the bolsheviks and the end of the civil war. It began with the February Revolution which was focused around Petrograd now Saint Petersburg , the capital of Russia at that time. It took place in the context of heavy military setbacks during the First World War , which left much of the Russian Army in a state of mutiny. In the chaos, members of the Duma , Russia's parliament, assumed control of the country, forming the Russian Provisional Government which was heavily dominated by the interests of large capitalists and the noble aristocracy.
She was shortlisted for the Nobel Prize in  and received second-most three nominations for the award the following year. Akhmatova's work ranges from short lyric poems to intricately structured cycles, such as Requiem —40 , her tragic masterpiece about the Stalinist terror. Her style, characterised by its economy and emotional restraint, was strikingly original and distinctive to her contemporaries. The strong and clear leading female voice struck a new chord in Russian poetry.
The day was then predominantly celebrated by the socialist movement and communist countries until it was adopted by the feminist movement in about The United Nations began celebrating the day in Commemoration of International Women's Day today ranges from being a public holiday in some countries to being largely ignored elsewhere. They also protested against employment sex discrimination.
K urakin. Abstract This article describes the origins and political significance of the Order of St. Catherine, or Deliverance: the second-oldest knightly order in the system of honors introduced during the reign of Peter I, the first Russian monarchical order to have its own set of statutes, and the only one reserved exclusively for women. The foundation of the Order of St. Catherine has traditionally been described as a project driven by, and reflecting the vision of the tsar himself.