Photo via Flickr User Imagens Evangelicas. Life is full of hard truths. One of the hardest is that you can only party for so long before your body starts asking you nicely to please chill out, or you accumulate so many responsibilities that drinking five beers and popping a molly just isn't wise anymore. And when you decide you're ready for the ultimate responsibility, having a kid, you'll have to hope your genetic material isn't so damaged from shoving coke mixed with Ajax into random orifices that your offspring have to suffer serious medical problems.
Substance abuse can negatively impact the reproductive health of both sexes in a number of ways and may contribute to serious problems like sexually transmitted diseases STDs , infertility, and cancer. Women who use drugs and alcohol while pregnant put their unborn children at risk of pregnancy-related complications and future problems that can impact their health and ability to function in the world. It is crucial for both men and women to understand the effects of drugs on their reproductive system in order to make more informed decisions about their health. Substance abuse can lead to organ damage, infections, and diseases.
Despite the vast quantity of sperm produced by a healthy man, the number of sperm which actually fulfil their fertilising potential is therefore extremely small. Even when a man is producing sperm at a healthy capacity and his partner is fertile , it is not uncommon for couples to take up to a year to conceive. Some men produce sperm which is suboptimal, either in quantity or quality. These men will typically take longer to conceive and are more likely to require the assistance of artificial reproduction techniques to do so.
While some medications are safe to use before and during pregnancy, others can affect your chances of getting pregnant, cause problems during pregnancy, or harm your baby. All drugs and medications pass into the bloodstream. Some directly affect sperm or eggs and reduce fertility. For both men and women, taking cocaine, heroin, ecstasy and marijuana can reduce the chance of having a baby.